Some Literary Terms

Some Literary Terms
Heroic Couplet :
           A traditional form , rhyming pairs of lines in iambic pentamenter. Pioneered by Geoffrey Chaucer .
“ She was a worthy women al hir lyve. Househonds at cherche dore she Hadde five – old English” – Canterbury Tales.
Iiambic Pentameter:
           An iambic pentameter is a line made up five pairs of short/long , or stressed / unstressed syllables.
Blank verse:
           Blank verse is poetry – regular metrical but unrhymed lines, almost iambic pentameter.
          A whimsical , four line biographical poem – invented by Edmund Clerihew Bentley( AABB)
Free Verse :
          An open form – no consistent meter, patterns, rhyme or any musical pattern.
Magic Realism:
          It’s a genre where magic elements are used .
( Magic realism occurs when a character in the story continues to be alive beyond the normal length of life.)
          Use of total reality on the stage no god, so supernatural elements would be shown on the stage.
(Emily Zola- 1880- Essay – Naturalism on the stage.)
 Transcendalism – Believe that society and its institution – particularly organized religion and political parties- ultimately corrupt the purity of the individual.
          Figurative narrative conveying a veiled ( hidden) moral meaning.
          Homer’s Odyssey
Spenser’s faerie Queene.
Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress.
Dryden’s Absolem and achitophel;
Hawthorne’s the Marble Faun.
V. Woolf ‘s Between the Acts. 
          A term designating stylistic periods in art, music and literature during 16th and 17th century.
A strict form consisting of three stanzas + an envoi( a four line conclusion) ( Addressing a person)

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