Some Literary Terms

Some Literary Terms
Heroic Couplet :
           A traditional form , rhyming pairs of lines in iambic pentamenter. Pioneered by Geoffrey Chaucer .
“ She was a worthy women al hir lyve. Househonds at cherche dore she Hadde five – old English” – Canterbury Tales.
Iiambic Pentameter:
           An iambic pentameter is a line made up five pairs of short/long , or stressed / unstressed syllables.
Blank verse:
           Blank verse is poetry – regular metrical but unrhymed lines, almost iambic pentameter.
Clerihew:
          A whimsical , four line biographical poem – invented by Edmund Clerihew Bentley( AABB)
Free Verse :
          An open form – no consistent meter, patterns, rhyme or any musical pattern.
Magic Realism:
          It’s a genre where magic elements are used .
( Magic realism occurs when a character in the story continues to be alive beyond the normal length of life.)
Naturalism:
          Use of total reality on the stage no god, so supernatural elements would be shown on the stage.
(Emily Zola- 1880- Essay – Naturalism on the stage.)
 Transcendalism – Believe that society and its institution – particularly organized religion and political parties- ultimately corrupt the purity of the individual.
Allegory:
          Figurative narrative conveying a veiled ( hidden) moral meaning.
          Homer’s Odyssey
Spenser’s faerie Queene.
Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress.
Dryden’s Absolem and achitophel;
Hawthorne’s the Marble Faun.
V. Woolf ‘s Between the Acts. 
Baroque:
          A term designating stylistic periods in art, music and literature during 16th and 17th century.
Ballade:
A strict form consisting of three stanzas + an envoi( a four line conclusion) ( Addressing a person)





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