Subject Verb Concord or Subject Verb Agreement

In English language , there are certain rules of using verbs in sentences. Verbs are of different kinds and they are used according to subject in sentences. So , We should be careful in using them in a sentence.
Here are few rules :
Note: When we say verb it means- Main verbs and helping verbs here.
Rule I. A singular subject (she, any name, car) takes a singular verb, whereas a plural subject takes a plural verb.
Example: The books are on the table ( subject is plural so H.V is also plural ------ Books – are) .
Rule II. Some sentence looks confusing in first time but try them very carefully
Incorrect:  A bouquet of yellow roses lend color and fragrance to the room.
Correct: A bouquet of yellow roses lends . . . (we are talking about bouquet not floweres.)
Rule III. Two singular subjects associated by or, either/or, or neither/nor require a singular verb.
See these examples very carefully:
My aunt or my uncle is arriving by train today.( not are )
Neither he nor his brother is available.
Either my brother  or my sister is helping  today with stage decorations.
Rule IV. When we use or, either/or, or neither/nor in a  sentence agreement of verbs is according to the closest one.  
See these:
Neither the plates nor the serving bowl goes on that shelf.( goes is according to bowl not plates)
 Neither the serving bowl nor the plates go on that shelf. ( in this go is according to plates not bowl)
Important: Neither she, my friends, nor I am going to the festival.( This sentence looks awkward but still correct it is)
Neither she, I, nor my friends are going to the festival.
She, my friends, and I are not going to the festival.
Rule V. We use plural verbs if two subjects are connected by “and”
Example: A book and a pen are my friends .
But if two things give sense of a combination we use singular
Breaking and entering is against the law.
My bread and butter is teaching.
Rule 5. Sometimes the subject is separated from the verb by such words as along with, as well as, besides, not, etc. These words and phrases are not part of the subject. Ignore them and use a singular verb when the subject is singular.
Examples:
The politician, along with the newsmen, is expected shortly.
The king, along with his soldiers was defeated.
Rule 6. In sentences beginning with here or there, the true subject follows the verb.
See the Examples:
There are four hurdles to jump.
 There is a high hurdle to jump.
 Here are the keys. 
Special rule:  We say there is as there’s but if we become habitual to it and we start using there’s for There are too. So, be careful.
Rule 7. We use singular verb with distances, periods of time, sums of money, etc., when considered as a unit.
Let’s see some examples:
Hundred rupees is not good price for this.
Five years is a big duration for completing your course.
Rule 8. With words that indicate portions—e.g., a lot, a majority, some, all—  We use verbs according to this- If the noun is singular, use a singular verb. If it is plural, use a plural verb.

A lot of the people have been killed.
 A third of the city is unemployed.
 A third of the people are unemployed.
 Rule 9. If you are using collective nouns such as group, jury, family, audience, population, the verb might be singular or plural, if depends on idea of writer.
See these Examples:
All of my family has taken dinner or have dinner. ( In first part I think family as a whole, but later as separate people.)
Let’s take another example of jury :
Jury has decided to punish him. ( all members have decided the same)
The jury have given different opinion ( so , you understood now )
 Rule 10. In case of imagination we use were instead of was :

Example: If he were a prime minister.( not was )
I wish I were a great speaker .
You can watch a video describing these rules . Good luck , learners.



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